PDH (Project Directorate Health)
- PDH is the field arm of the CAR for health activities
- Administrative control is by CAR, NWFP
- Funded by UNHCR.
- Coordinates with UN agencies and IPs.
- Responsible for provision of over all health care to Afghan Refugees in NWFP.
- PDH has activities spread over a large geographic area within the settled part of NWFP, stretching from Chitral in the North to DIK in the South.
|Number of districts with refugee camps||14|
|Total number of Basic Health Units||48|
|Total registered population||829,221|
|Total number of IP’s working in refugee setup||7|
CDU (Community Development Unit)
Community Development Unit was established to promote self Help activities among Afghan Refugees to reduce their dependency on external relief and aid.
RAHA (Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas)
The aim of the Refugee and Hosting Areas Programme (RAHA), is to promote regional stability and compensate for the social, economic and environmental consequences wrought on Pakistani communities by the presence of more than 3 million Afghans over the past 30 years. For the 1.7 million registered Afghans remaining in Pakistan after the large-scale repatriation since 2002, the programme will promote peaceful co-existence with local communities until conditions in Afghanistan are conducive for their return.
The overall objective of the RAHA programme is to improve livelihood, rehabilitate the environment and enhance social cohesion within communities of refugee-affected and hosting areas. Public services will be improved and policies made more effective by strengthening the capacities of the government, community institutions and vulnerable groups. The UN One Programme crosscutting issues relating to human rights, gender equality, civil society engagement and refugees will be addressed. Peaceful co-existence between the communities will safeguard a more predictable stay for Afghans until they can return to Afghanistan.
The programme adopts a bottom-up participatory approach based on community development and social cohesion. Civil society organizations and NGOs will facilitate social mobilization and strengthen the capacities of communities to plan, implement and manage their resources. Small to medium scale community infrastructure projects will be undertaken targeting the indentified community needs. Line government departments, primarily at the district and sub-district levels, will provide a range of support services. Employment and income generating activities will from part of the agricultural and environmental rehabilitation programmes, with emphases on the special needs of vulnerable groups, especially women.
Refugee Hosting Areas Component
The Ministry of States and Frontier Regions (SAFRON) is a focal ministry being member for the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Joint Programme Steering Committee. SAFRON also co-chairs the Federal Task Force for RAHA JPC through Secretary SAFRON. The joint Programme Component Task Force is the Strategic oversight body for the RAHA initiative. Strategic orientation and approvals of annual work plans, budgetary allocations within RAHA and annual reports are some of the key responsibilities of this Task Force.
Provincial Task Force
The Commissioner Afghan Refugees (CAR) chairs the Provincial Task Force for the Refugee Hosting Areas Component. The Provincial Task Force supervises monitors and coordinates programme activities in the respective provinces. The Provincial Task Forces, among other tasks, approve provincial work plans and budgets, review provincial progress and financial reports, and approve project proposals up to Rs. 5 million before submitting to the CCCAR Islamabad for final endorsement. All members of the Provincial Task Force will ensure consultations within their institutions as appropriate for effective decision making. Provincial CAR will prepare and compile proposals in consultations with relevant government departments and submit them to CCAT Islamabad for project exceeding Rs. 5 million for approval.
RAHA Unit Commissionerate Afghan Refugees, KP
The RAHA Unit will deal with the Refugee Hosting Areas (RHA) component of the RAHA Development Initiative.
The Unit will maintain a close liaison with CCAR, Islamabad; SDU-P&DD, Peshawar; Government Line Departments; Local and Afghan Communities; Local, National and International NGOs; UNHCR, KFW,GTZ, UNDP and UNICEF.
The RAHA Program will be monitored and evaluated by the Unit’s technical staff. The RAHA Unit will also enhance; on the job skills of its own team members and that of the representatives from the government line departments and implementing partners, inclusive of civil society organizations.
The RAHA Unit will conduct meetings of the PTF, CWG, implementing partners, community representatives and government line agencies; on a regular bases. The Unit will also conduct quarterly review meetings and undertake visits to the project areas in order to assess the financial and physical progress of projects. In addition, the Unit will facilitate the executing agencies in problem shooting and course correction.
The RAHA Cell was reconstituted on 1st May 2010 and since then is being funded by UNHCR.
The Assistant Program Officer in UNHCR, Sub-Office Peshawar, will act as focal person for the RAHA Unit in CAR, KP. The Commissioner Afghan Refugees, KP, will head the Unit. The Unit will report to the Additional Commissioner Logistics, KP, (Focal Point-RAHA) and will work directly under the administrative control of CAR, KP, Audits by Government and UNHCR will regulate the budgetary affairs of the program.
Solution Strategy Unit - CAR
The Repatriation Cell of CAR was established in 1987. It has now merged into the Solution Strategy Unit (SSU) - CAR. This Cell has been working in collaboration of UNHCR and with all other relevant stakeholders to facilitate smooth voluntary repatriation of Afghan refugees. The SSU unit is regularly carrying out monitoring visits, conducting comprehensives awareness raising campaigns about durable solutions specifically promoting voluntary repatriation and providing services to Afghan refugees in all the 43 refugee villages throughout KP. In addition, regular route patrolling visits are being carried out by the route patrolling team from Mansehra to Jarikas police check post, Nowshera to Voluntary Repatriation Centre via Karkhano market and from Karkhano market to Torkham. The aim of the route patrolling visits to enhance coordination with all the law enforcement agencies to facilitate voluntary repatriation of Afghan refugees.
Since 2002 till 2015, a total of 701,847 families having 3,918,832 individuals repatriated from whole Pakistan where 417,908 families consisting 2,330,877 individuals repatriated from KP with UNHCR assistance. It signifies the importance and contribution of SSU- CAR in relation to promoting and facilitating durable solutions focusing on voluntary repatriation in close collaboration of UNHCR.
Additionally, SSU - CAR has been doing advocacy for the refugees rights using different plate forums, e.g. coordination with provincial and federal government, attending and sharing issues and their solutions on Protection working Group meeting being carried out in CAR and UNHCR respective offices. At the same time, SSU-CAR has been attending all the monthly coordination meetings holding by Community Development Unit - CAR and Voluntary repatriation working group meeting holds in UNHCR.
The principle objective of repatriation is to promote and realize the potential for voluntary repatriation.
Afghan Management and Repatriation Strategy (AMRS) Cell
AMRS holds regular meetings with all the relevant stakeholders including the line departments both at provincial and federal level and share its reports with all the concerned. It has been playing the role of a bridge between the UNHCR and Government line agencies. This unit is based in Home Secretary - KP Office.
Education having paramount importance and one of the fundamental human right has been considered for Afghan refugees living in Pakistan since 1979 by Afghan Commissionerate for Refugees in collaboration with UNHCR. Education Cell was established in 1981 in Afghan Commissionerate Peshawar Khyber Pakhunkhwa but now it has been merged in Solution Strategy Unit to better integrate and coordinate all the educational activities.
Education is a powerful tool which enables and empower refugee to live in the country of refuge with dignity and it helps out refugees to voluntary return to their places of origin with the principles of safety and dignity. Many Afghans after getting education and voluntarily repatriation have been having key positions in the government and nongovernmental set ups serving Afghanistan.
Solution Strategy Unit - CAR through its education experts serving this humanitarian cause in Afghan refugees villages and urban areas whole heartedly and following the core humanitarian standards. They have been doing advocacy by identifying different needs, opportunities for Afghan refugee children in relation to the 1951 refugee conventions and human rights law.
Objectives of the Education - Solution Strategy Unit - CAR
- To empower Afghan citizens, communities through community development in formal education sector from primary to post primary levels with close corroboration with UNHCR, its IPs, CPs and other Afghan citizen educational stakeholders in KP.
- To initiate self-help educational institutions, uplifting the quality of education through capacity building of Afghan refugees schools teachers and communities.
- To establish liaison with AR stakeholders and other public Departments/Agencies, Diplomatic Mission e.g. schools & literacy department, Government of KP, Inter Board Committee of Chairman (IBCC), Higher Education Commission (HEC), Higher Education Regularity Authority (HERA), Pakistan Foreign Affairs Camp Office Peshawar and Afghan Consulate Peshawar for the betterment of Afghan education in Pakistan.
- To promote qualitative Primary and Post Primary formal education and vocational training in AR community in urban and rural areas.
- To make the management and learning process more effective and efficient.
- SSU-CAR is being assisted Afghan refugees students on reserved seats in KP.
So far SSU education has process 21,819 students' cases for admission in various professional and non-professional institutions, 1689 Afghan students were referred to DAFI scholarship where 1198 Afghan refugees students were awarded, 592 cases were referred to SAFRON for IDB scholarship where 357 cases were awarded, more than 2000 teachers of different schools trained for SIP, SMC, M&E, Psychological Welfare, Teaching Methodologies, Science teachers Laboratory trainings teaching of English and MSEE. Provided laboratories equipment to 50 AR schools benefitting 11858 students, twin toilets were constructed in 29 schools, provided Tube wells for clean drinking water in 20 AR schools and for the local community and provided access to education and establishment of EMIS.
Repatriation, AMRS and education Cells have now been merged into Solution Strategy Unit - CAR. This status is approved in March, 2016 recently by Commissionerate Afghan Refugees. In this respective unit, education cell, repatriation and AMRS are merged together headed by Director Solution Strategy Unit- CAR. The idea behind this approach is to better coordinate and integrate all the activities by strengthening and promoting durable solutions focusing on voluntary repatriation.
Currently, the Solution Strategy Unit - CAR has 100 staff working throughout Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province providing humanitarian services to Afghan refugees in collaboration with UNHCR.