The aim of the Refugee Affected Hosting Areas Programme (RAHA) is to promote regional stability and compensate for the social, economic and environmental consequences wrought on Pakistani communities by the presence of more than 3 million Afghans over the past 30 years. For the 1.7 million registered Afghans remaining in Pakistan after the large-scale repatriation since 2002, the programme will promote peaceful co-existence with local communities until conditions in Afghanistan are conducive for their return.
The overall objective of the RAHA programme is to improve livelihood, rehabilitate the environment and enhance social cohesion within communities of refugee-affected and hosting areas. Public services will be improved and policies made more effective by strengthening the capacities of the government, community institutions and vulnerable groups. The UN One Programme crosscutting issues relating to human rights, gender equality, civil society engagement and refugees will be addressed. Peaceful co-existence between the communities will safeguard a more predictable stay for Afghans until they can return to Afghanistan.
Joint Programme Component Outcomes:
- Outcome 1:
- Greater social cohesion through community development
- Outcome 2:
- Improved livelihoods and local economies
- Outcome 3:
- Restoration of social services and infrastructure
- Outcome 4:
- Improved social protection for co-existing Pakistani and Afghan communities
- Outcome 5:
- Restoration and improvement of the environment
RAHA Unit Commissionerate Afghan Refugees, KP
The RAHA Unit deals with the Refugee Hosting Areas (RHA) component of the RAHA Development Initiative. The Unit maintains a close liaison with CCAR, Islamabad, Government Line Departments; Local and Afghan Communities; Local, National and International NGOs; and donors UNHCR, KFW, GTZ, and BPRM.
The RAHA Programme is monitored and evaluated by the Unit’s technical staff. The RAHA Unit also enhances; on the job skills of its own team members and that of the representatives from the government line departments and implementing partners, inclusive of civil society organizations. The RAHA Unit conducts meetings of the PTF, implementing partners, community representatives and government line agencies; on a regular basis. The Unit also conducts monthly review meetings and undertakes visits to the project areas in order to assess the financial and physical progress of projects. In addition, the Unit facilitates the executing agencies in problem shooting and course correction.
Organogram of RAHA:
RAHA Joint Programme Component
The Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas Joint Programme Component has identified five integrated outcomes. In combination, these will rehabilitate the lives of people in refugee affected areas and support those in hosting areas improve their current standard of living while promoting a more peaceful co-existence with Afghans. Under each of these major outcomes several outputs have been identified as linked to the four roles of the UN.
JPC Outcome 1
Greater social cohesion and empowerment through community development in refugee affected and hosting areas.
- Communities empowered to promote social cohesion and harmony
- Community and village level participatory monitoring systems established.
- Provincial and local government institutional coordination mechanism strengthened to support RA communities.
JPC Outcomes 2
Improved livelihood and local economies in refugee-affected and hosting areas.
- Improved household income through development of entrepreneurial skills, income generation activities, and access to diversified livelihood opportunities.
- Crop production and food security increased.
- Vegetable production and marketing improved and strengthened.
- Livestock production and marketing enhancement programme for refugee affected areas.
- Local irrigation systems and networks revived.
- Farm to market and village roads rehabilitated or constructed.
- Community physical infrastructure rehabilitated or construted.
JPC Outcome 3
Restoration of social services and infrastructures in refugee-affected and hosting areas.
- Management and awareness of education, health, water and sanitation strengthened and increased.
- Educational delivery systems from primary to secondary level improved.
- Educational infrastructure from primary to secondary level rehabilitated.
- Health delivery systems improved.
- Health infrastructure repaired and enhanced.
- Increased community access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation.
JPC Outcome 4
Improved social protection among co-existing Pakistani and Afghan communities living in hosting areas.
- Expand and strengthen protection services for Pakistani and Afghan communities.
- Raise the visibility of refugee issues and maintain asylum space for registered Afghans.
JPC Outcome 5
Restoration and improvement of the environment in refugee affected areas.
- Rehabilitate natural forest covers and degraded rangelands.
- Improved natural habitats and breeding grounds for declining species.
Components 1-3 will be implemented in refugee affected and hosting areas, while component four will be hosting areas and 5 in affected-areas only.
RAHA will target communities in two broadly defined areas that have suffered the greatest impact from dense concentrations of Afghans, or continue to host Afghans.
- Refugee Affected Areas (RAs):
These are the communities and regions of Pakistan that were heavily populated by Afghans for nearly 30 years but from where the majority have lift or have been repatriated back to Afghanistan.
- Refugee Hosting Areas (Has):
These are communities and areas that currently play host to 1.7 million Afghans living in refugee villages, mixed among rural populations or in urban ghettos.